Basic Knitting Stitches And Patterns

Here are some basic knitting stitches you can use in your patterns:

You can use these basic knitting stitches with any knitting pattern, or even make squares with a variety of basic knitting stitches when knitting a blanket. If you knit squares using these basic knitting stitches it is an excellent way to practise the various patterns and see which one suits you the best.

Block Pattern

For this example, I am using 3.5mm needles and 41 stitches

Row 1: k6, *p1, k6, rep from * to end

Row 2: P6, *k1, p6, rep from * to end

Row 3 to Row 6: Work rows 1 and 2 twice

Row 7: As per row 1

Row 8: k to end

These 8 rows form the pattern.

SSK Knitting

This stands for slip, slip, knit and you can get a full explanation on how to do this knitting stitch by clicking here.

Moss Stitch

For this example, I am using 3.5mm needles and 45 stitches

basic knitting stitches
Moss Stitch

Row 1 (rs): *p1, k1, rep from * to end.

Row 2: As row 1

Row 3: *k1, p1, rep from * to end.

Row 4: As per row 3

These 4 rows form the moss stitch pattern

Double Moss Stitch

Double Moss Stitch

For double moss stitch, you would simply knit two rows the same and then alternate the next two rows as above.

So you would start the 1st row with k1, p1, and the same with the second row, providing you have an even amount of stitches on your needle.

The next two rows after that would start with p1, k1 all across the row. You repeat these four rows to create a pattern like you see in the block to the left.

Seed Stitch

This is similar to Moss Stitch, but you must have an even number of stitches on your needles.

Row 1 (rs): *p1, k1, rep from * to end.

Row 2: *k1, p1, rep from * to end.

Eyelet Lace Stitch

Lace stitch looks so complicated, but in fact it is one of the easiest basic knitting stitches out there. You just need to concentrate on which row you are on as it is easy to forget where you are.

For this example, I am using 5.5 mm needles and 30 stitches

Row 1 (rs):  *k4, k2tog, yfd, rep from * to last 6 sts, k6

Row 2:  p to end

Row 3:  k6, *yfd, sl 1, psso, k4, rep from * to end

Row 4:  p to end

These 4 rows form the eyelet lace stitch pattern. You can find more knitted lace patterns here.

Stocking Stitch with Eyelets

For this example, I am using 4 mm needles and 36 stitches

Row 1 (rs):  k to end

Row 2:  p to end

Row 3 and 4:  As per rows 1 and 2

Row 5:  k5, yfd, k2tog, *k6, yfd, k2tog, rep from * to last 5 sts, k to end

Row 6:  p to end

Row 7 to 10:  Work rows 1 and 2 twice

Row 11: k9, yfd, k2tog, *k6, yfd, k2tog, rep from * to last 9 sts, k to end

Row 12: p to end

These 12 rows form the pattern.

Bobbles To Sew Onto Your Knitting

For this example, I am using 4 mm needles and 6 sts

Work 8 rows g st (k every row)

Cut off yarn leaving a 12cm end

Thread the end through the sts, then using this end to work small running stitches around the outer edge of the knitting

Pull up to form a bobble and secure the end

Do not cut yarn as you use the yarn ends to sew bobble to the square

Cable Pattern

For this example, I am using 3.5mm needles and 54 sts

Row 1 (rs):  p4, *k6, p4, rep from * to endbasic knitting stitches

Row 2:  k4, *p6, k4, rep from *to end

Rows 3 and 4:  Rep rows 1 and 2

Row 5:  p4, *C6B, p4, rep from * to end

Row 6: Rep row 2

Rows 7 and 8:  Rep rows 1 and 2

These 8 rows form the pattern

Special Abbreviation:

C6B = cable 6 back worked thus: place next 3 sts on a cable needle and leave at back of work, k3, then k the sts from cable needle.

Van Dyke Stitch

For this example, I use 3.5 mm needles and 44 stitches

Row 1 (rs):  k8, yfd, sl 1, k1, psso, *k11, yfd, sl 1, k1, psso, rep from * to last 8 sts, k 8

Row 2 and every foll alt row:  p to end

Row 3:  k6, k2tog, yfd, k1, yfd, sl 1, k1, psso, *k8, k2 tog, yfd, k1, yfd, sl 1, k1, psso, rep from * to last 7 sts, k7

Row 5: K5, k2tog, yfd, k3, yfd, sl 1, k1, psso, *k6, k2 tog, yfd, k3, yfd, sl 1, k1, psso, rep from * to last 6 sts, k6van dyke knitting stitch

Row 7:  *k4, k2tog, yfd, k5, yfd, sl 1, k1, psso, rep from * to last 5 sts, k5

Row 8: p to end

These 8 rows form the pattern

Vertical Lace Stitch

For this example, I use 3.5 mm needles and 44 stitches

Row 1 (rs):   p2, *k2tog, yfd, k1, yfd, sl 1, k1 psso, p2 rep from * to end

Row 2:  k2, *p5, k2, rep from * to end

These 2 rows form the pattern

Bell Pattern

For this example, I use 4mm needles and 39 sts

Row 1(rs):  p8, k3, *p2, k3, rep from * to last 8 sts, p8

Row 2:  k8, p3, *k2, p3, rep from * to last 8 sts, k8

Rows 3 and 4:  As rows 1 and 2

Row 5:  p8, with yarn at front sl 1, k2 tog, psso, yrn, *p2, with yarn at front sl 1, k2tog, psso, yrn, rep from * to last 8 sts, p8

Row 6:  As per row 2

These 6 rows form the pattern

Ripple Pattern

For this example, I use 4mm needles and 38 sts

Row 1 (rs):  k to end

Row 2:  p to end

Row 3:  k to end

Row 4: k to end

Row 5: p to end

Row 6 K to end

These 6 rows form the pattern of this basic knitting stitch. This one is really simple and effective.

Dropped Stitch Knitting

basic knitting stitches

This is a basic knitting stitch that I am really enjoying at the moment, because I am knitting myself a summer top using this pattern, and it is so quick and easy.

If you want to do a tester for yourself, here is a mini pattern.

Cast on 31 stitches.

Knit four rows.

Pattern:

Row 1: k6, *k5, 5W* Last six stitches 5W and k1.

Row 2: P to end of row dropping the extra loops.

Next 4 Rows: k

Row 7: k1 *5W, k5* to last stitch and K1.

Next 4 Rows: k

If you are wondering how to do 5W, you simply wind the wool around the needle three times instead of once for the next 5 stitches.

On the following row, you purl one of the three loops and the rest just get pulled off of the needle to make the holes you see.

Textured Pattern

This pattern is really simple and definitely falls under basic knitting stitches.

Here is a pattern working over 36sts, but the pattern can be used with any number of stitches.basic knitting stitches

Cast on 36 sts

Row 1: (rs) k to end

Row 2: (ws) purl to end

Row 3: k3, p2, *k5, p2, rep from * to last 3 sts, k3.

Row 4: p3, k2, *p5, k2, rep from * to last 3 sts, p3.

Row 5: k to end

Row 6: p to end

These 6 rows form the pattern.

Trust that you have loads of fun experimenting with these basic knitting stitches.