Basic Knitting Stitches And Patterns

Here are some basic knitting stitches you can use in your patterns:

You can use these basic knitting stitches with any knitting pattern, or even make squares with a variety of basic knitting stitches when knitting a blanket. If you knit squares using these basic knitting stitches it is an excellent way to practice the various patterns and see which one suits you the best.

 

Basket Weave Stitch

This knitting stitch is worked in a combination of knit and purl stitches to form the interesting basket weave effect you see below.

Cast on a multiple of 6 stitches plus two and work the pattern as follows:

basket weave stitchRow 1:  K to end.

Row 2: P to end.

Row 3: K2, *p4, k2, rep from * to end.

Row 4: P2, *k4, p2, rep from * to end.

Row 5: Rep row 3.

Row 6: Rep row 4.

Row 7: K to end.

Row 8: P to end.

Row 9: P3, k2, *p4, k2, rep from * to last 3 sts, p3.

Row 10: K3, p2, *k4, p2, rep from * to last 3 sts, k3.

Row 11: Rep row 9.

Row 12: Rep row 10.

These 12 rows form the pattern.

 

Bed Jacket Stitch

bed jacket stitchThis one is easy and fun to do and makes a very soft fabric.

Row 1: (rs): K to end, wrapping yarn twice around the needle on each st.

Row 2: P to end, dropping the extra loops from the previous row.

These two rows form the pattern.

 

Bell Pattern

For this example, I use 4mm needles and 39 sts.

Row 1(rs):  p8, k3, *p2, k3, rep from * to last 8 sts, p8.

Row 2:  k8, p3, *k2, p3, rep from * to last 8 sts, k8.

Rows 3 and 4:  As rows 1 and 2.

Row 5:  p8, with yarn at front sl 1, k2 tog, psso, yrn, *p2, with yarn at front sl 1, k2tog, psso, yrn, rep from * to last 8 sts, p8.

Row 6:  As per row 2.

These 6 rows form the pattern.

 

Block Pattern

For this example, I am using 3.5mm needles and 41 stitches

Row 1: k6, *p1, k6, rep from * to end

Row 2: P6, *k1, p6, rep from * to end

Row 3 to Row 6: Work rows 1 and 2 twice

Row 7: As per row 1

Row 8: k to end

These 8 rows form the pattern.

 

Bobbles To Sew Onto Your Knitting

For this example, I am using 4 mm needles and 6 sts

Work 8 rows g st (k every row)

Cut off yarn leaving a 12cm end

Thread the end through the sts, then using this end to work small running stitches around the outer edge of the knitting

Pull up to form a bobble and secure the end

Do not cut the yarn as you use the yarn ends to sew bobble to the square

 

Bramble Stitch

With this Bramble Stitch, you work in multiples of 4 and add two stitches. For example, you could have 20 + 2 stitches or 24 + 2 stitches, etc.bramble stitch

Row 1: (rs) p to end.

Row 2: k1. *work k1, p1, and k1 all into next st. p3 tog. rep from * to last st. k1. (On the k1, p1, k1 you are actually increasing by three stitches without pushing the stitch off of the needle).

Row 3: p to end.

Row 4: k1. *p3tog, work k1, p1, and k1 all into next st. rep from * to last st. k1.

 

Cable Pattern

For this example, I am using 3.5mm needles and 54 sts

Row 1 (rs):  p4, *k6, p4, rep from * to endbasic knitting stitches

Row 2:  k4, *p6, k4, rep from *to end

Rows 3 and 4:  Rep rows 1 and 2

Row 5:  p4, *C6B, p4, rep from * to end

Row 6: Rep row 2

Rows 7 and 8:  Rep rows 1 and 2

These 8 rows form the pattern

Special Abbreviation:

C6B = cable 6 back worked thus: place next 3 sts on a cable needle and leave at back of work, k3, then k the sts from cable needle.

 

2-Colour Honeycomb Stitch

For this basic knitting stitch, you will need two colors. I used two different types of yarn here and used the thinner one for the background and the fluffy thick one for the surface texture.

basic knitting stitches

Using your surface color cast on the required number of stitches and knit two rows. For this example we will cast on 24 sts.

Row 1: With background color k3, sl 2 p-wise with yarn at back, *K6, sl 2 p-wise with yarn at back. rep from * once more. k 3.

Row 2: Still with background color p2, sl 2 p-wise with yarn at front. *p6, sl 2 p-wise with yarn at front. Rep from * once more, p3.

Rows 3 to 6: Rep rows 1 and 2 twice.

Rows 7 and 8: With surface color k to end.

Row 9: With background color, sl 1 p-wise with yarn at back, k6. *sl 1 p-wise with yarn at back, k6. Rep from * once more.

Row 10: With background color, sl 1 p-wise with yarn at front, P6. *sl 2 p-wise with yarn at front. P6. Rep from * once more sl 1 p -wise with yarn at front.

Rows 11 to 14: Rep rows 9 and 10 twice.

Rows 15 and 16: With surface color k to end.

These 16 rows form the pattern. 

 

Dropped Stitch Knitting

This is a basic knitting stitch that I am really enjoying at the moment, because I am knitting myself a summer top using this pattern, and it is so quick and easy.

If you want to do a tester for yourself, here is a mini pattern.

Cast on 31 stitches.

Knit four rows.

Pattern:

Row 1: k6, *k5, 5W* Last six stitches 5W and k1.

Row 2: P to end of row dropping the extra loops.

Next 4 Rows: k

Row 7: k1 *5W, k5* to last stitch and K1.

Next 4 Rows: k

If you are wondering how to do 5W, you simply wind the wool around the needle three times instead of once for the next 5 stitches.

On the following row, you purl one of the three loops, and the rest just get pulled off of the needle to make the holes you see.

 

Embossed Diamonds

This is a mixture of moss stitch on a stocking stitch background.

You will need to cast on a multiple of 10 stitches plus 3 extra stitches to make this work.

embossed diamonds

For this example, I have used 23 stitches.

Row 1 (rs): P1, k1, p1, *(k3, p1) twice, k1, p1. Rep from * to end.

Row 2: P1, k1, *P3, k1, p1, k1, p3,  k1. Rep from * to last st, p1.

Row 3: K4, (p1,k1) twice, p1, k5, (p1, k1) twice, p1, k4.

Row 4: P3, *(k1, p1) 3 times, k1, p3. Rep from * to end.

Row 5: Repeat row 3.

Row 6: Rep row 2.

Row 7: Rep row 1.

Row 8: P1, k1, p1, *k1, p5, (k1, p1) twice. Rep from * to end.

Row 9: (p1, k1) twice, p1, k3, (p1, k1) 3 times, p1, k3, (p1, k1) twice, p1.

Row 10: Rep row 8.

These 10 rows form the embossed diamond pattern. This type of pattern is lovely for a Baby’s Jersey or Blanket.

 

Eyelet Lace Stitch

Lace stitch looks so complicated, but in fact, it is one of the easiest basic knitting stitches out there. You just need to concentrate on which row you are on as it is easy to forget where you are.

For this example, I am using 5.5 mm needles and 30 stitches

Row 1 (rs):  *k4, k2tog, yfd, rep from * to last 6 sts, k6.

Row 2:  p to end.

Row 3:  k6, *yfd, sl 1, psso, k4, rep from * to end.

Row 4:  p to end.

These 4 rows form the eyelet lace stitch pattern. You can find more knitted lace patterns here.

 

Horizontal Dash Stitch

This stitch is very easy and it looks like dashes going across your knitting. The only two stitches used here are stocking stitch – plain and purl.

Cast on a multiple of 10 stitches plus six.dash stitch

Row 1: (rs) K to end.

Row 2: P to end.

Row 3: K to end.

Row 4: K1, *p4, k6, p4.* Rep * to * to last stitch and k1.

Row 5 to 7: Rep rows 1 to 3.

Row 8: K6, p4, K6 for the entire row.

 

Lattice Stitch

This stitch reminds me of a picket fence. It does require a little practice first.

lattice stitchCast on a multiple of five stitches plus 2.

You will need two color yarns.

Row 1: (ws) With yarn color A k1, sl3 p-wise with yarn at the back, p1. *sl 5 p-wise with yarn at back, p1, rep from * to last 4 sts, sl3 p-wise with yarn at the back, k1.

Join color B.

Row 2: With color B, k to end.

Row 3: With color B, p to end.

Row 4: With color A, k1, pick up thread 3 rows below from underneath and k tog with next st. *sl5 p-wise with yarn at back, pick up thread 3 rows below and k tog with next st, rep from * to last st, k1.

Row 5: With color A, k1, sl1 p-wise with yarn at front. *sl5 p-wise with yarn at back. Sl1 p-wise with yarn at front. Rep from * to last st, k1.

Row 6: With color B, k to end.

Row 7: With color B, p to end.

Row 8: With color A, k1, sl3 p-wise with yarn at back. Pick up thread 3 rows below and k tog with next st. *Sl5 p-wise with yarn at back, pick up thread 3 rows below and k tog with next st.  Rep from * to last 4 sts. Sl3 p-wise with yarn at back. K1.

These 8 rows form the pattern.

 

Moss Stitch

For this example, I am using 3.5mm needles and an odd number of stitches.

Row 1 (rs): *p1, k1, rep from * to end.moss stitch

Row 2: As row 1

Row 3: *k1, p1, rep from * to end.

Row 4: As per row 3

These 4 rows form the moss stitch pattern

 

Double Moss Stitch

For double moss stitch, you would simply knit two rows the same and then alternate the next two rows as above. 

So you would start the 1st row with k2, p2, and the same with the second row, providing you have an even amount of stitches on your needle.

The next two rows after that would start with p2, k2 all across the row. You repeat these four rows to create a slightly bulkier pattern than the basic moss stitch above.

 

Moss Stitch Rib

This is an interesting looking rib stitch and quite attractive if knitted loosely.

Cast on a multiple of 5 stitches and add two then work the pattern as follows:

Row 1: K3, *p1, k4, rep from * to last 4 sts, p1, k3.

Row 2:  P2, *k1, p1, k1, p2, rep from * to end.

These two rows form the pattern.

 

Pique Stitch

This stitch is a combination of garter and stocking stitch and it creates a blocked type pattern.

pique stitch

For Pique stitch, you will need to work with a multiple of six stitches plus 2. 

Row 1: K to end.

Row 2: K2, *p4, k2. Rep from * to end.

Rows 3 to 10: Rep rows 1 and 2 four times.

Row 11: K to end.

Row 12: P3, k2, *p4, k2 rep from * to last 3 sts, p3.

Rows 13 to 20: Rep rows 11 and 12 four times.

These 20 rows form the pattern.

 

Ripple Pattern

This is one of the most basic knitting stitches or patterns to try as it is simply a mixture of Purl and Plain stitch.

Simply repeat this pattern over and over:Ripple pattern

Row 1(rs): k to end.

Row 2: p to end.

Row 3: k to end.

Row 4: k to end.

Row 5: p to end.

Row 6: k to end.

Simply knit the pattern over and over until you have your desired length.

 

Seed Stitch

This is similar to Moss Stitch, but you must have an even number of stitches on your needles.

Row 1 (rs): *p1, k1, rep from * to end.

Row 2: *k1, p1, rep from * to end.

 

Spot Stitch

Cast on a multiple of 4 stitches plus 1 to work this spot pattern stitch.

spot stitch

Row 1 (RS): K to end.

Row 2: P to end.

Row 3: K to end.

Row 4: K1, *p3, k1, rep from * to end.

Rows 5 to 7: Rep rows 1 to 3.

Row 8: P2, k1, *p3, k1, rep from * to last 2 sts, p2.

 

SSK Knitting

This stands for slip, slip, knit and you can get a full explanation on how to do this knitting stitch by clicking here.

 

3 X 3 Rib Pattern

Cast on a multiple of 6 stitches plus 3 to work the 3 x 3 rib pattern.

3 x 3 rib pattern

Row 1 (RS): K3, *p3, k3, rep from * to and of row.

Row 2: P3, *k2, p3, rep from * to end of the row.

These two rows form the pattern.

 

Stocking Stitch with Eyelets

For this example, I am using 4 mm needles and 36 stitches

Row 1 (rs):  k to end.

Row 2:  p to end.

Row 3 and 4:  As per rows 1 and 2.

Row 5:  k5, yfd, k2tog, *k6, yfd, k2tog, rep from * to last 5 sts, k to end.

Row 6:  p to end.

Row 7 to 10:  Work rows 1 and 2 twice.

Row 11: k9, yfd, k2tog, *k6, yfd, k2tog, rep from * to last 9 sts, k to end.

Row 12: p to end.

These 12 rows form the pattern.

 

Van Dyke Stitch

For this example, I use 3.5 mm needles and 44 stitches

Row 1 (rs):  k8, yfd, sl 1, k1, psso, *k11, yfd, sl 1, k1, psso, rep from * to last 8 sts, k 8

Row 2:  and every foll alt row:  p to end

Row 3:  k6, k2tog, yfd, k1, yfd, sl 1, k1, psso, *k8, k2 tog, yfd, k1, yfd, sl 1, k1, psso, rep from * to last 7 sts, k7

Row 5: K5, k2tog, yfd, k3, yfd, sl 1, k1, psso, *k6, k2 tog, yfd, k3, yfd, sl 1, k1, psso, rep from * to last 6 sts, k6van dyke knitting stitch

Row 7:  *k4, k2tog, yfd, k5, yfd, sl 1, k1, psso, rep from * to last 5 sts, k5

Row 8: p to end

These 8 rows form the pattern.

 

Vertical Lace Stitch

For this example, I use 3.5 mm needles and 44 stitches

Row 1 (rs):   p2, *k2tog, yfd, k1, yfd, sl 1, k1 psso, p2 rep from * to end

Row 2:  k2, *p5, k2, rep from * to end

These 2 rows form the pattern.

 

Textured Pattern

This pattern is really simple and definitely falls under basic knitting stitches.

Here is a pattern working over 36sts, but the pattern can be used with any number of stitches.

Cast on 36 sts.

Row 1: (rs) k to end.

Row 2: (ws) purl to end.

Row 3: k3, p2, *k5, p2, rep from * to last 3 sts, k3.

Row 4: p3, k2, *p5, k2, rep from * to last 3 sts, p3.

Row 5: k to end.

Row 6: p to end.

These 6 rows will form the pattern.

 

Ribbing

There are a few variations of ribbing.

3 x 1 Rib

knitting stitchesRow 1 (ws):  k1, *p1 k3 and then rep from * ending row with a p1, k1.

Row 2: k2, *p3, k1 and then rep from * to last st k1.

These two rows form the pattern for 3 x 1 ribbing.

 

Gatalin Rock Stitch

This is a pretty easy stitch to knit, but you do need to concentrate otherwise you will make mistakes.

This is an example with 25 stitches.

After casting on knit rows as follows:

Row 1: (rs): k to end.

Row 2: p1, *k2, p1, rep from * to end.

Rows 3 and 4: Rep rows 1 and 2.

Row 5: k to end.

Row 6: k2, p1, *k3, p1, rep from * to last 2 sts. k2.

Rows 7 and 8: Rep rows 5 and 6.

These eight rows form the pattern.

Trust that you have loads of fun experimenting with these basic knitting stitches.